Styles of Leadership What is leadership style?

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Styles of Leadership

What is leadership style?

  • Leaders’ styles encompass how they relate to others within and outside the organization, how they view themselves and their position, and—to a large extent—whether or not they are successful as leaders.

Why pay attention to leadership style?

  • Because the style of an organization’s leadership is reflected in both the nature of that organization and its relationship with the community.

Conceptions of Leadership:

  • Exercising power.
  • Gaining and exercising the privileges of high status.
  • Being the boss.
  • Task orientation.
  • Taking care of people.
  • Empowerment.
  • Providing moral leadership.
  • Providing and working toward a vision.

Methods of Leadership:

  • Pure exercise of power.
  • Political scheming.
  • Using relationships.
  • Setting an example.
  • Persuasion.
  • Sharing power.
  • Charisma.
  • Involving followers in the goal.
  • Various combinations of these and other methods.

Some ways of looking at leadership style, and their effects on an organization

  • 1. Autocratic:
  • Autocratic leaders insist on doing it all themselves. They have all the power, make all the decisions, and don't often tell anyone else about what they're doing.
  • 2. Managerial:
  • The leader who sees herself as a manager is concerned primarily with the running of the organization.
  • 3. Democratic
  • A democratic leader looks at his and others' positions in terms of responsibilities rather than status, and often consults in decision-making.
  • 4. Collaborative:
  • A collaborative leader tries to involve everyone in the organization in leadership, initiates discussions, pinpoint problems, and keep track of the organization as a whole.

Another way of looking at leadership style:

  • Transactional leadership: Views leadership as based on transactions between leader and followers.
  • Transformational leadership: It sees a true leader as one who can distill the values and hopes and needs of followers into a vision.

How do you determine what is an appropriate style?

  • Good leaders usually have a style that they consciously use most of the time, but they're not rigid. They change as necessary to deal with whatever comes up.
  • Be consistent with what people in the organization expect.
  • Your style needs to be consistent with the goals, mission, and philosophy of your organization.

How do you choose and develop a leadership style?

  • Start with yourself.
  • Think about the needs of the organization or initiative.
  • Observe and learn from other leaders.
  • Use the research on leadership.
  • Believe in what you're doing.
  • Be prepared to change.

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