have difficulty organizing information (Fisher & Schumaker, 1995). Graphic organizers are meant to
help students clearly visualize how ideas are organized within a text or surrounding a concept.
Graphic organizers provide students with a structure for abstract ideas.
Graphic organizers can be categorized in many ways according to the way they arrange information:
graphic organizers focus on one particular content area. For example, a vast number of graphic
organizers have been created solely around reading and pre-reading strategies (Merkley & Jeffries,
Different types of graphic organizers and their uses are illustrated below.
A concept map is a general organizer that shows
characteristics. Concept maps can take many
different shapes and can be used to show any
type of relationship that can be labeled.
Maps are excellent for brainstorming, activating
Maps can be used to show hierarchical
placed at the top.