REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN HIGHER AND SECONDARY SPECIAL MINISTRY OF EDUCATION TASHKENT STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
Prepared: Azizova Durdona
THE UNITED KINGDOM.TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS Toshkent-2022 yil Topic: THE UNITED KINGDOM.TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS
1.History of United Kingdom
2.Symbols of GREAT BRITAIN
3.Which buildings in Great Britain are famous?
4.Traditions and Customs in ENGLAND
1. The history of the United Kingdom began in the early eighteenth century with the Treaty of Union and Acts of Union. The core of the United Kingdom as a unified state came into being in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a new unitary state called Great Britain.Of this new state of Great Britain, the historian said:What began as a hostile merger would end in a full partnership in the most powerful going concern in the world. it was one of the most astonishing transformations in European history.
2. The national symbols of England are things which are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of England or English culture. Some are established, official symbols; for example, the Royal Arms of England, which has been codified in heraldry. Other symbols may not have official status, for one reason or another, but are likewise recognised at a national or international level.
The United Kingdom is a sovereign state consisting of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Northern Ireland. Each of these four individual countries have their own national flags and symbols, some more obscure than others. In this article, we’re going to take a look at some official symbols of each of these countries, starting with the national flag of Great Britain which represents the entire UK.
3.The United Kingdom boasts a stunning array of attractions - both historic and modern. Some of the most famous attractions are Tower of London, National Gallery, London Eye, Tate Modern, and more. Apart from these options, travellers and locals alike can delve into the United Kingdom’s rich, versatile history by visiting some of the country’s buildings. From Buckingham Palace to Beetham Tower, the nation’s buildings have much to offer in terms of architecture, art and intriguing stories from the past. The United Kingdom has many buildings that are enjoyable for history buffs, royal fanatics, curious individuals, families, and children. Most of these buildings also host guided tours, workshops, and exhibitions that are suitable for local visitors and travellers.
Tower Bridge is a Grade I listed combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, built between 1886 and 1894, designed by Horace Jones and engineered by John Wolfe Barry with the help of Henry Marc Brunel. It crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and is one of five London bridges owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust founded in 1282. The bridge was constructed to give better access to the East End of London, which had expanded its commercial potential in the 19th century. The bridge was opened by Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra, Princess of Wales in 1894.
4.Popular Traditions in England.Traditions in England have been around for centuries. British traditions are famous worldwide. When one thinks of Britain, you imagine people drinking tea, wearing bowler hats and gorging on fish and chips. Sports, food and music, are tightly knit traditions in Britain.Guy Fawkes Night is celebrated on the 5th of November each year. Guy Fawkes was the mastermind of the Gun Powder Plot in 1605, which failed when he attempted to destroy the House of Parliament. These night traditions celebrated famously in East Sussex, and Lewes commemorates this fail by having firework displays, bonfires, torch-lit processions and pagan rituals.