KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 112
The international community already under-
stands the truth very well. The special resolution
on the Khojaly genocide adopted by the Organiza-
tion of Islamic Cooperation is the first document
of international organizations to recognize the
Khojaly tragedy as a crime against the humanity.
The resolution adopted by 51 countries evaluated
the Khojaly genocide as “a massacre of civilian
population by the Armenian armed forces” and
“a crime against the humanity”.
Currently the parliaments of Pakistan, Mexico,
Czech Republic, Columbia, and Bosnia and Herze-
govina have recognized the Khojaly tragedy as a
genocide and crime against Azerbaijan. Additional-
ly, several states of the USA have recognized this
Unlike the Armenian nationalists, Azerbaijan
does not pursue any political, financial and oth-
er kind of dividends in this issue. Our goal is to
achieve the historical justice, to expose the criminals
and to put them to international trial. Therefore,
the world community must be informed about the
global threat of ethnic separatism, hatred against
other nations and terrorist ideology pursued by the
Armenian nationalists. This is our duty to the mem-
ory of the heroic martyrs of Khojaly.
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 113
Information & Inquiry materials A military-political conflict broken as a result
of the claim of Armenia to the Mountainous Ga-
rabagh province of Azerbaijan with the help of the
Armenian diaspora abroad. On February 20, 1988,
the session of the Council of the Province appealed
with a petition to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan
to re-consider the status of the province.
On December 1, 1989, the Armenian parliament
adopted an unconstitutional decision on the annex-
ation of the province. It was an act of intervention
of Armenia to the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan.
On November 26, 1991, the status of the autonomy
was abolished by Azerbaijan.
In late 1991, when the USSR collapsed, Armenia
virtually launched an open and unfair war against
Azerbaijan. Having violated the borders of Azer-
baijan, it entered Garabagh, the military units of
Armenia together with the Armenian terrorists and
separatists in the province started to occupy the
territory of Azerbaijan, first the settlements with
the Azerbaijani majority.
On February 26, 1992, the most tragic event in
the modern Azerbaijani history took place. The Ar-
menian military units committed a terrible geno-
cide against the Azerbaijanis in Khojaly. In May
1992, they captured Shusha, which meant the oc-
cupation of the entire territory of the Mountainous
▪ Military aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 114
▪March 31, 1918 On that day a genocide was committed by the Ar-
menian Dashnaks and Bolsheviks against the local
people in a number of towns of Azerbaijan, includ-
ing Baku, Shamakhi, Guba.
Garabagh. The next step was the capture of the dis-
trict of Lachyn which connected the province with
Armenia. Lachyn was followed by Kalbajar in April
1993, then by Agdam, Fizuli, Jabrail, Gubadly, and
Zengilan in July-October 1993.
As a result of the military aggression of Arme-
nia, more than 20,000 Azerbaijanis were killed,
100,000 wounded, 50,000 disabled in 1988-1992.
As a result of the aggression 4,852 Azerbaijanis
(including 54 children, 323 women, 410 elderly) are
missing, 1,368 of them (including 169 children, 338
women, 286 elderly) have been released from cap-
tivity, while 783 people (including 18 children, 46
women, 69 elderly) are still in captivity in Armenia.
According to the International Committee of Red
Cross, 439 persons have died in captivity. About
one million people have become displaced persons
Overall amount of material damage to Azerbai-
jan because of occupation is about 431.536 billion
US dollars (according to the statistics of early 2011).
(E.Suleymanov; V.Suleymanov “Armed Agression of Ar- menia against Azerbaijan and the Heavy Consequences of Occupation”) (in Azerbaijani) Baku, CBS, 2012).
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 115
▪Aghdere Administrative district in the south-west of the
Republic of Azerbaijan. Its area is 1,700 km
pied by the Armenian armed forces on July 7, 1993.
▪Aghdam Administrative district in the Republic of Azerbai-
jan. Its area is 1,150 km
, population - 167,300. The
district was occupied by the Armenian armed forces
on July 23, 1993.
As a result of the military aggression, 82 residential
areas, 34,680 houses and flats, 17 industrial, 57 com-
munication, 120 health, and 114 education facilities, 59
kindergartens, 108 cultural entities, 16 mosques, 3 res-
ervoirs, 5 cattle farms, 10 bridges and 180 main water
canals were destroyed by the Armenian armed forces.
About 6,000 Azerbaijanis perished in the battles for
The total amount of damage in the district is six
billion hundred million one hundred and seven
▪Fizuli Administrative district in Azerbaijan. Its area is 1,390
km², population 147,100. It was occupied by the Arme-
nian armed forced on August 23, 1993. 84 residential ar-
eas, 45 industrial, 990 agricultural, 39 communication,
127 health and 88 educational facilities, 76 kindergar-
tens and 183 cultural entities have been plundered by
the Armenian armed forces. The Azykh Cave, one of
the most ancient settlements in the world is in the ter-
ritory of Fizuli.
1,100 people have been killed and went missing,
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 116
▪Internally displaced person Citizen of Azerbaijan, forced to leave his perma-
nent residence within the territory of Azerbaijan and
settled in other places of Azerbaijan.
▪Jabrail Administrative district in the south-west of the Re-
public of Azerbaijan. It covers an area of 1,049.8 km²,
with a population of 66,400. Occupied by the Armenian
armed forced on August 23, 1993. 97 residential areas,
8 industrial, 44 agricultural, 65 communication, 83
health, and 91 educational facilities, 149 cultural enti-
ties, and 180 cattle-breeding farms have been destroyed
by the Armenian armed forces.
The total amount of damage in the district is three
billion four hundred and fifty million three hundred
▪Kalbajar Administrative district in the west of Azerbaijan. It
covers an area of 3,054 km² with a population 73,600. It
was occupied by the Armenian armed forced on April
2, 1993. 128 residential areas, 18 industrial, 627 agricul-
tural, 2 communication, 76 health, and 97 education fa-
cilities, 7 kindergartens, and 254 cultural entities have
been destroyed by the Armenian armed forces. 511 in-
habitants were murdered, 321 taken captive and con-
113 people have been taken captive, 1,450 have been
wounded during the occupation.
The total amount of damage in the district is four
billion seven hundred and forty-two million nine
hundred and thirty-two thousand and fifty dollars.
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 117
▪Khojaly A town on the Khankendi-Aghdam road, admin-
istrative center of Khojaly District. It was given the sta-
tus of a town in 1990. Occupied by the Armenian mili-
tary units with the support of the Russian 366th Motor
Rifle Regiment on February 26, 1992. The Armenians
wanted to occupy the strategically important Khojaly,
inhabited by the Azerbaijanis, it is located in the moun-
tainous part of Garabagh. It was levelled to ground,
because Khojaly reflected historical and cultural tradi-
tions of the Azerbaijani people since the ancient times.
This distinct culture is classified as Khojaly-Gadabay in
In the genocide of Khojaly 613 people were mur-
dered, 487 - crippled, 1,275 civilians, including the el-
derly, children, women were taken captive and subject-
ed to tortures and insults. The fate of 150 people is not
The Khojaly victims (613 people) include 106 wom-
en, 63 children and 70 elderly. Eight families were to-
tally exterminated, 25 children lost both parents, while
130 children lost at least one in the massacre in Khojaly.
sidered missing during the occupation.
The total amount of damage in the district is one
billion seven hundred and seventy-four million dollars.
▪Khojaly - Gadabay culture Culture in the mountainous and mountain foot
region of the Lesser Caucasus and the Kura-Arax at-
tributed to the Late Bronze and Early Iron ages (13-
7th centuries B.C.). Named after the monuments first
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 118
▪Khojavend Administrative district in the south-west of Azer-
baijan. Its area is 1,458 km². Occupied by the Arme-
nian armed forces on October 2,1992..
▪Lachyn Administrative district in the south-west of Azer-
baijan. Its territory is 1,835 km², population - 68,500.
Occupied by the Armenian armed forced on May 18,
researched near the town of Khojaly and in Gadabay
District. The Khojaly-Gadabay cultural monuments in-
clude dwelling places, workshops, graves, and spots
of worship. Copper-smelting bowls, remains of work-
shops of copper and bronze wares, waste of flint tools
and weapons, as well as tools used in the Neolithic Age
have been discovered in this area. The dead were buried
in stone-boxes and mounds. The ceramics of graves is
almost the same. Various items, such as bronze, sword,
halberd, flail, arrow, fork, dagger, spear tip, jug, boil-
er, curb, bracelet, ring, bone-made jewelry, clay- and
stone-made wares have also been found.
The destruction of all these cultural monuments and
the Khojaly cemetery, one of the oldest graveyards in
the world, is an evidence of the Armenian vandalism
and an act of violence against the world culture. Histor-
ical facts also prove that the territory of Khojaly is one
of the most ancient areas of Azerbaijan. The researches
show that the occupation, art, religious views, and cul-
ture of the Azerbaijani people since the ancient times up
to present have preserved in the toponyms of Khojaly.
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 119
1992. 127 residential areas, 228 industrial, 244 agri-
cultural, 67 communication, 142 health and 111 ed-
ucation facilities, 25 kindergartens and 217 cultural
entities have been destroyed by the Armenian armed
forces. 264 residents were killed, 65 taken captive,
103 become disabled.
The total amount of damage in the district is seven
billion ninety nine million five hundred twenty-six
thousand five hundred dollars.
▪Mountainous Garabagh Province in the south-west of Azerbaijan. It was
established as an autonomous province within
Azerbaijan on July 7, 1923. It included the districts
of Aghdere, Askeran, Shusha, Khojavend, Hadrut.
The autonomy of the province was abolished on
November 26, 1991, because of the terror and ag-
gression committed by the Armenian separatists. At
present, the province and seven adjacent districts
are under the occupation of Armenia. Claiming that
the province is ruled by the separatist Armenian re-
gime, Armenia tries to deny the fact of occupation.
Azerbaijan offers high autonomy to the province
within Azerbaijan on condition that the occupied
territories are liberated and the territorial integrity
of Azerbaijan is restored.
▪Occupied territories The Mountainous Garabagh and seven adjecent
districts have been occupied by the armed forces of
Armenia (1991-1994) as a result of the Armenian-Azer-
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 120
▪Qubadly Administrative district in Azerbaijan. Its area is
800 km², population – 35,700. Occupied by the Arme-
nian armed forces on 31 August 1993. 94 residential
areas, 8 industrial, 1080 agricultural, 32 communica-
tion, 86 health, and 63 educational facilities, 11 kin-
dergartens and 180 cultural entities have been rav-
aged by the Armenian armed forces.
The total amount of loss in the district is one billion
four hundred and eighty five million six hundred
twenty-seven thousand dollars.
▪Refugees Azerbaijanis, who have left their homes in Arme-
nia and found refuge in Azerbaijan during the war in
the Mountainous Garabagh. They have been given the
status of refugees.
▪Shusha Town in the Mountainous Garabagh province
of Azerbaijan, center of the administrative district
(area – 289 km²). Founded by Panah Ali Khan in the
1750s, the ruler of Garabagh. Originally bore the
name both of Shusha and Panahabad after Panah
Ali Khan. Later Shusha turned into the political and
cultural center of the Garabagh khanate. Follow-
ing the Russian occupation of Azerbaijan, Shusha
became the administrative, economic and cultural
center of the Garabagh province and one of the cul-
tural centers of Azerbaijan. Shusha is the hometown
of many prominent cultural figures of Azerbaijan.
It was occupied by the Armenian armed forces
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 121
on May 8, 1992. About 200 people were killed, 150
people became disabled. According to the census of
1989, the population of Shusha was 20,579, of which
19,036 were Azerbaijanis, 1,377 Armenians. At pres-
ent, the town is inhabited only by the Armenians.
Liberation of Shusha is one of the principal issues
for Azerbaijan in the negotiations for elimination of
the armed aggression of Armenia against Azerbai-
The total amount of damage in the district as a
result of the aggression is four billion two hundred
and fifty-seven million four hundred and seven-
ty-four thousand dollars.
▪Tazapir mosque A century old unique mosque in Baku. It is the
religious center not only of Azerbaijan, but also of
the entire Caucasus. The mosque is also the head-
quarter of the Caucasian Muslims Office.
▪The Caucasus Region surrounded by the Black and Azov seas
in the west, by the Caspian Sea in the east, by the
Kuma–Manych Depression in the north, by the
north-east of Turkey and northern border of Iran
in the south. Its area is 440,000 km². The Caucasus
is one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse
regions of the world. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia,
and the southern part of the Russian Federation are
situated in the Caucasus.
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 122
▪Zangilan Administrative district in the Republic of Azerbai-
jan. It covers an area of 707 km², with a population
37,400. Occupied by the Armenian armed forced on
October 29, 1993. As a result, 85 residential areas, 12
industrial, 2820 agricultural, 80 communication, 66
health and 81 education facilities, 42 kindergartens
and 152 cultural entities have been plundered by the
Armenian armed forces.
The total amount of damage in the district is
three billion four hundred and fourteen million one
hundred and seventy thousand dollars.
KHOJALY - 1992 www.aliyevheritage.org 123
CONTENTS Address to the readers .......................................
National leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev
about the Khojaly genocide .....................................
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham
Aliyev about the Khojaly genocide ..........................
Khojaly genocide is a crime against mankind ..
Information & Inquiry materials ..........................
CENTRE DE RECHERCHES DE L’HERITAGE D’HEYDAR ALIYEV KHODJALY - 1992 Bakou - 2014
Conseiller éditorial ”du Centre de recherches de l’Héritage d’Heydar Aliyev“: Asef NADIROV
Membre de l’Académie Nationale des Sciences de l’Azerbaïdjan
Conseiller Scientifique: Elkhan SULEYMANOV
Président de l’AVCIYA, Député de Chémakha, chef de la délégation
azerbaïdjanaise à l’Assemblée Parlementaire ”Euronest“, membre de la
délégation azerbaïdjanaise à l’Assemblée Parlementaire du Conseil de
Chef du groupe de travail: Fouad BABAYEV
Docteur en sciences politiques
Rédacteurs: Gündüz NASIBOV
Rédacteur linguistique: Chahla AGHALAROVA
Coordinateur de la traduction: Tamkin MAMMADLI
Design: Faïg ALIYEV
Mise en page: Sevda AGHAYEVA
Des matériaux issus de l’AzerTAc sont cités dans le corps de ce livre.
Egalement, les auteurs ont eu recours aux matériaux photogra-
phiques de l’AzerTAc.
Couverture du livre: Monument érigé en 2008, à Bakou à la mé-
moire des victimes du génocide de Khodjaly Sculpteurs: Teymur, Aslan
et Mahmud Rustamov
Dédié à la mémoire des victimes du génocide de Khodjaly commis par les forces armées arméniennes
KHODJALY - 1992 Chers lecteurs, Vingt deux ans se sont écoulés depuis que ce
massacre a été commis par les forces armées armé-
niennes dans une des villes ancestrales de l’Azer-
baïdjan, à Khodjaly. Et cela a horrifié le monde.
Vingt deux ans plus tôt – le 26 février 1992-, les
forces armées de l’Arménie, les groupes armés ar-
méniens des territoires azerbaïdjanais du Haut-Ka-
rabagh, aidés directement par les militaires et les
équipements lourds du régiment n°366 de l’ex-Ar-
mée Rouge de l’URSS, cantonnés dans la ville de
Khankendi, se lançaient à l’assaut de la ville assié-
gée de Khodjaly. Ils y ont perpétré des actes géno-
cidaires contre la population civile azerbaïdjanaise.
Lors de l’assaut de Khodjaly, en une nuit, 613 civils,
dont 63 enfants, 106 femmes et 70 vieillards, ont été
tués avec une cruauté extrême - égorgés, énucléés,
des femmes enceintes éventrées à la baïonnette, des
cadavres profanés. Par sa nature et son ampleur le
génocide de Khodjaly est semblables aux génocides
de Khatin, Lidisa, Songmi.
Les unités militaires professionnelles engagées
dans cette opération criminelle commise contre des
civils ont violé les principes et les lois fondamen-
tales des Droits de l’Homme. La ville a été bloquée
pendant la nuit sans avertissement, aucune route
n’a été sécurisée pour évacuer la population, les
civils parmi lesquels des femmes, des enfants, des
vieillards et des malades ont été exterminés.
Heydar Aliyev, dirigeant historique de la renais-
sance azerbaïdjanaise, a exprimé avec précision la
véritable essence de la tragédie de Khodjaly : ”La
tragédie de Khodjaly est une page sanglante du
nettoyage ethnique et de la politique génocidaire
menés depuis plus de deux cents ans par les natio-
KHODJALY - 1992 nalistes arméniens qui cherchent querelle à notre
peuple“. A l’initiative du dirigeant historique qui
commémorait toujours les victimes du génocide et
honorait la mémoire des martyrs, le Milli Medjlis
de la République d’Azerbaïdjan a qualifié en 1994
juridiquement ces événements de génocide et a si-
gné le 25 février 1997 un décret sur la commémo-
ration, par une minute de silence, de la mémoire
des victimes du génocide de Khodjaly“. Heydar
Aliyev, condamnant ce génocide, l’a qualifié de «
crime contre l’humanité ».
Par conséquence, je crois que l’édition d’un livre
sur le génocide de Khodjaly par le Centre des Re-
cherches sur l’Héritage d’Heydar Aliyev, est aussi
Heydar Aliyev a accordé une grande impor-
tance à la diffusion dans le monde de ces vérités
sur la tragédie : ”Aujourd’hui, transmettre dans
toute sa vérité et son ampleur les faits sur le gé-
nocide de Khodjaly, et en général, sur les atroci-
tés commises par les Arméniens dans le Haut-Ka-
rabagh, aux Etats, aux Parlements dans le monde,
à la communauté internationale, et parvenir à la
reconnaissance qu’un génocide y a été commis est
le devoir du gouvernement et du peuple de l’Azer-
Il convient de souligner que la Fondation Hey-
dar Aliyev dirigée par Mme Mehriban Aliyeva, ré-
alise des projets de grande envergure. Divers ou-
vrages sur le génocide de Khodjaly ont été édités.
Chaque année, à l’initiative de la Fondation, des
actions vouées à la commémoration de ce massacre
de masse sont mises en place dans de nombreux
pays. La campagne ”Justice pour Khodjaly“, lan-
cée à l’initiative de Mme Leyla Aliyeva, vice–prési-