past participle (irregular verbs) learn them individually
être verbs: past participle agrees with the subject except for reflexives
reflexive verbs: past participle agrees with the reflexive pronoun if it is a direct object
avoir verbs: no agreement unless there is a direct object that precedes the verb, in which case past participle agrees with the preceding direct object
Imparfait Used for describing the background of a story (how things were, age, states of mind, weather, conditions) or habitual actions (used to) or things that were going on when something else happened (“was –ing and were –ing”)
start with the “nous” form of the present tense
drop the –ons ending and add the imperfect endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, --iez, -aient
this works for all verbs, regular and irregular, except être. Imperfect of être: j’étais, tu étais, il était, nous étions, vous étiez, ils étaient.
Future Used to talk about future events, things that will happen.