Crime, youth culture, gangs, poverty, impact of prisons, capital punishment subtopic: law and crime level: intermediate time



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TOPIC 8- SOCIAL ISSUES
LESSON 13- CRIME, YOUTH CULTURE, GANGS, POVERTY, IMPACT OF PRISONS, CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
SUBTOPIC: LAW AND CRIME
LEVEL: INTERMEDIATE TIME: 80 MIN AIMS:
-to uderstan the difference of the vebs connected with the topic
-to give general information about problems in context of criming through lexical chunks


Key words: Murder, Shoplifting, Burglary, Smuggling, Arson, Kidnapping


MATERIALS TO UNDERSTAND:
Make sure you know the difference between the verbs: steal and rob. The object of the verb ‘steal’ is the thing which is taken away, e.g. they stole my bike, whereas the object of the verb ‘rob’ is the person or place from which things are stolen, e.g. I was robbed last night. A masked man robbed the bank. ‘Steal’ is irregular: steal, stole, stolen.
The table below gives the names of some other types of crimes together with their associated verbs and the name of the person who commits the crimes.

Crime

Definition

criminal

Verb

Murder

killing someone

murderer

Murder

Shoplifting

stealing something from a shop

shoplifter

Shoplift

Burglary

stealing from someone’s home

burglar

Burgle

Smuggling

taking something illegally into another country

smuggler

Smuggle

Arson

setting fire to something in a criminal way

arsonist

to set fire to

Kidnapping

taking a person hostage in exchange for money or other favours, etc.

kidnapper

Kidnap

All the verbs in the table above on the right are regular apart from set (set, set, set)



Here are some useful nouns.
trial: the legal process in court whereby an accused person is investigated, or tried, and then found guilty or not guilty case: a crime that is being investigated
evidence: information used in a court of law to decide whether the accused is guilty or not proof: evidence that shows conclusively whether something is a fact or not verdict: the decision: guilty or not guilty
judge: the person who leads a trial and decides on the sentence
jury: group of twelve citizens who decide whether the accused is guilty or not
Here are some more useful verbs connected with crime and law. Note that many of them have particular prepositions associated with them.
to commit a crime or an offence: to do something illegal to accuse someone of a crime: to say someone is guilty to charge someone with (murder): to bring someone to court to plead guilty or not guilty: to swear in court that one is guilty or otherwise, to defend/prosecute someone in court: to argue for or against someone in a trial to pass verdict on an accused person: to decide whether they are guilty or not to sentence someone to a punishment: what the judge does after a verdict of guilty to acquit an accused person of a charge: to decide in court that someone is not guilty (the opposite of to convict someone) to fine someone a sum of money: to punish someone by making them pay to send someone to prison: to punish someone by putting them in prison to release someone from prison/jail: to set someone free after a prison sentence to be tried: to have a case judged in court.
TASK 1
Put the right form of either rob or steal in the sentences below*
Last night an armed gang the post office. They
£2000.
My handbag at the theatre yesterday.
Every year large numbers of banks
Jane of the opportunity to stand for president.
TASK 2 Complete a table
crime criminal verb definition
terrorism :
blackmail
drug-trafficking
forgery
assault assault
pickpocketing
mugging
TASK 3 Fill the blanks in the paragraph

One of the two accused men (1) at yesterday’s trial. Although his


lawyer (2) him very well, he was still found guilty by the jury. The
judge (3) him to two years in prison. He’ll probably
(4) after eighteen months. The other accused man was luckier. He
(5) and left the courtroom smiling broadly.
TASK 4
Here are some words connected with law and crime. If necessary, use a dictionary to help you check that you understand what they all mean. Then divide them into three groups, in what seems to you to be the most logical way.


theft
witness detective probation drunken driving
member of a jury prison hi-jacking traffic warden lawyer judge
fine
flogging death penalty
smuggling
bribery
community service rape

HOMETASK
Write a paragraph to fit this newspaper headline. Give some details about the crime and the court case, using as many words from this unit as is appropriate.




Foydalanilgan adabiyotlar
1. Malcolm Mann, Steve Taylor-Knowles Destination (book 1&2) (2013) Macmillan Education UK,
2. Michael McCarthy. (2017) English Vocabulary in Use. Advanced. Cambridge. (2 kurs)
3. McCarthy, M. Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers. Cambridge: CUP. UK, 2009
4. Stephen H. Thewlis. (2007) Grammar Dimensions. Heinle & Heinle
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