Ludwig van Beethoven was one of the world's greatest composers. He wrote many symphonies, overtures, and pieces for piano and other instruments.
Beethoven was born on 16thDecember, 1770 in Germany. He started studying the piano and violin when he was 4 years old. His father was his first teacher but not a good one. He beat his son and locked him in a basement to make him practice.
When he was 10 years old, he started taking lessons from Christian Neefe. He wrote his first composition (song) when he was 11. When he was 12, his teacher let him direct the orchestra part of the time.
When he was 22, he moved to Vienna and studied with Joseph Haydn. But he quit studying with him soon. He began to play at parties and to give concerts around Europe. Beethoven composed a lot of music in this period.
Unfortunately, Beethoven began to lose his hearing when he was in his 20's. But he was still able to hear the songs in his mind and write them down.