Assignment 1



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Assignment 1

Answers:


1. I think Sloan is a good manager. Because the company should not be limited to the opinion of the director. The company is a big organization, so it has to be a team. As a person, Sloan was the complete opposite of Ford, while Ford was a determined, skillful, and intuitive person, and Sloan’s favorite words were “understanding,” “methodology,” and “rationality.” has developed a cunning management system that allows top managers to be constantly aware of what is happening in their huge organization. Not only did he give the company the freedom it needed, but it also provided unity among the team.

2. These two companies had two different thinking strategies: Ford Motor Company worked on a strategy where one person could express an opinion and that person could make a decision, while General Motors had a freedom of opinion for each person. z promoted the idea that the existence of functions and the importance of their opinion should also be taken into account. This was an important factor in the initial impact. Because the people in the Ford Motor simply served as robots, their opinions were not taken into account, which Ford did not take into account, which could certainly lead to a decrease in the workforce, poor quality. He continued to work in the old style, and the important factors that led to his decline were: -workers; - Incorrect strategy; -obsolescence; -Demand. Of course, this happened one after another, and unfortunately, it was the main reason for his bankruptcy.

3. The reason why both companies work and run like this is in not violating this internal order, in control! Because the leader gives orders to the drinkers, but it is not the use of the drinkers as slaves, but the person holding the managerial position only to ensure that all tasks are timely and effective.

4. The main reason for Ford's defeat is that it stays the old style. The company is constantly striving for innovation, new technologies! Because every year, even every day, times are changing, unfortunately, in order to meet the demands of the times, it is necessary to adapt to the times in order to keep supply and demand in balance! Workers need to be given freedom, we don’t know that even an ordinary worker can find an important decision or solution, just give them the freedom of speech to say that word!

Task 2:

SWOT Analysis of Apple


Strengths of Apple
Varieties Ranges of Products – Apple has product variety which gives it a way to earn profit. The product lines include Mac, iPod, iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, Apple TV, Software, Electric vehicles, and Apple Energy. By this diversified portfolio, Apple ensures that they can offer modern technologies to their customers. Among these products, some are cash cows. This means, these products are the most popular product and collect most of the revenues. The diversified portfolio also ensures the stabilization in revenue earning. One product may fail for a specific period of time, but at the same time other one may experience a high sale. So, by offering varieties of products, Apple manages the product failure risks as well.

Careful Selection of Employees – when it is about the recruitment, Apple is very much aware of selecting sincere and confident employees who work hard to ensure quality. Apple tries to find those employees who strongly follow their passion and have idealism. According to Forbes, “Apple look for positive thinking people who don’t say “no”, people who can think out of box, and people who can make impossible to possible.”[10] This ensures that Apple will always be able to keep the quality high and offer classy and innovative products to its customers. This also helps Apple to reserve a strong brand image.

Development of New Products – Apple does not stop at the time they launch a finished product. They start working on developing a new product soon after finishing and launching one. They do not waste time by watching their product’s sales. “When we launch a product, we’re already working on the next one. And possibly even the next, next one.” – Said Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple. This is one of the top findings we have found in our study of SWOT analysis of Apple Inc.

Strong Brand Image – Since the beginning, Apple has been providing quality products to its customers and clients. A person bought an iPhone used it for long period of time without any internal problems. Through this strong quality offering, it has developed strong brand recognition. According to Forbes Magazine, “Apple has as twice value as Microsoft.” They put Apple on the first position in their list of the most valuable brands.

Most Successful Company in the History – According to the Computer World, “Apple is the most successful company in history.” They have listed some facts. Apple is the most valuable company in the history, made record earning among all others, solved phone theft problems, and has huge collection of apps available in the market.

Financing Strength – It has very strong financial, as a result it can finance all of its investment and research to develop its product and services. In February 2015, Apple reported the revenue of $74.6 billion and an amount of $18 billion in profits for a single quarter. It is said to be the highest income in the history. It has big amount money as its retained earnings. It is as large as USD 96.36 Billion, as of September, 2016.[9] This retained earning account will help them to recover from any financial downtime in future. Also, this can be used as a backup of better research and development department.

Excellent Hardware Performance – the performance of the internal hardware of its products is excellent. Customers were highly satisfied on the longevity of Apple hardware performance.

Amazing Design – The designing of the products of Apple is unique. The look of the iPhone is very much unique and stunning.

Innovation – Apple maintains a portfolio of innovative products. From the initiation of the company, it has been offering innovative products. It has been very famous in the history of modern technology. In the year 1984, it launched the Macintosh for the first time. It was the first computer with graphical interface, a huge shift in the history of technology. Apple iPod what the first portable music player in the history of modern technology. It was launched in the year 2001. There are other innovative products such as Apple iPhone, MacAir, & iPad.

In the Strengths of Apple section, we have found a good number of strengths of Apple Inc. In this part, we can say that as the most valuable company Apple has every criterion to be the best one. Among all the strengths, the financial strengths, the brand value, the innovative characteristics, the experience, training the employees to make them efficient, and diversified portfolio of products we found most significant.


Weaknesses of Apple
Higher Price than Other Smart-Phones – As Apple uses premium pricing strategy, the prices of the Apple products always remains beyond the general people’s reach, especially for iPhones. The price of the products was always higher than other recognized brand in the market such as Samsung, HTC etc. There is a huge market of middle class people. Apple totally ignores this segment to preserve its brand image.

Limitations – It is not flexible while you want to connect it with devices that are from other brands. Apple iPhone does not allow you to get software installed from other sources other than its own providers.

Less Variety in the Phone Design – iPhone 1 and iPhone 7 do not have much difference while it is about their look. It did not deviate from its first look much. This creates a feeling of using same products years after years. Oppositely, other manufacturers such as HTC, ASUS, and Samsung are offering products with unique and attractive looks when it is about smartphones.

Narrow Product Line – In the weakness section of the SWOT analysis of Apple inc, we have found that the product line is very narrow. For last decade, it has been developing same looking iPhones with updated features.

Niche Customer target – When a company target the niche markets, their market becomes small. In this case, Apple’s market is not big like other smartphone or computer brands. They only target high class customers that let them avoid the middle class customers which is really a big market.

Limited Distribution Network – Apple distribute its product by itself. And it kept its distribution channel narrow. For most of the time they do not use any third parties to sell their products. Apple uses own website and Apple Stores to sell their products.

Opportunities for Apple
Demand of Computers and Laptops – For the first time in the history, the sales growth of smartphones fell. According to Telegraph Magazine, “The sales fell by 3 per cent year-on-year from 345 million units in the first three months of 2015 to 334.6 million handsets.” A shift to computers and laptops sales may take place.

Increasing Technological Dependency – People are becoming more dependent on technology and they have been dependent on smartphones as well. They became more interested on portable devices. As a result, the demand of smartphone may increase more at an increasing rate.

Globalization – Globalization of market is giving the people the opportunities of having tech products very easily. As a result, people can buy and get those products within a short period of time directly from the respected companies. It increases the sales as well which results in more profit margin.

Accessories and Gadgets – Apple can offer technological accessories and gadgets to increase its products. With a strong innovative historical background, it has created a strong familiarity of introducing new products. If it keeps this trend, it will go further toward greater profits.

Investment in R&D – Apple holds a huge amount of retained earnings in its account. They can switch fund to R&D; investment in research and development department will make the department stronger that may become stronger.

Product Diversification Strategy – If it makes its product lines broader, it will be able to offer more products to its customers. Also, they should develop new products or cheaper products for the middle class people to grab the markets in the developing countries.

Expansion of Distribution Network – for most of the time, Apple distribute its products by itself. It should create more third party distribution channels to make more sales in the overseas countries. Increasing distribution network will allow them to create more profit.
Threats to Apple
Potential Market of Tablet and Smartphones –As I mentioned above, the smartphone demand fell by 3% in the history of smartphone sales. There are few reasons among which one seemed most important. That is, when a person buys a smartphone, s/he uses it for a 2.5 to 3 years’ time period. People do not see new reasons to spend large amount of money for a new mobile phone while the existing one is functioning very well. That slows down the sales of smartphone.

New competitors – Emerging strong competitors who are offering same type of products at lower rate is the biggest threat. There are alternatives. Samsung is offering premium products as well as cheap products. Other competitors such as Sony, Asus, and Nokia are growing larger as well.

Aggressive Competition within Blue-Chip Companies – the increasing number of Blue-Chip companies making the industry more competitive. China is offering high quality products at a very lower price than Apple products.

Imitation – It was always been a strong threat for recognized brands in the history. When Apple introduces a new product, a replica or a substitute product is introduced by other companies. Sometimes, technology is stolen. There are also many counterfeit products in the market. Recently, 6 6 counterfeit iPhones were found in the Chinese market which were made by Chinese manufacturers.


In Conclusion:
The SWOT Analysis of Apple Inc showed that the major key strengths of Apple Inc. that comes from the quality and uniqueness of the Apple iPhone. The major key weaknesses include lack of distribution channels in the countries and high price which can be overcome. There are huge opportunities for this company, and there are major threats from the competitors as well.
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