Article. General notion

The Fused Definite Article

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UMID RE The Fused Definite Article
The second type of the French definite article is named article contractй which can be translated into English as the fused article. It comes from the usage of the definite articles in masculine, singular le and plural les with the prepositions а and de. The preposition а has the meaning of direction and the preposition de has the meaning of possession. When these prepositions are used before the definite articles they merge with each other and make new forms, preserving their meanings. The forms of the fused article are:
а + le = au Je donne le livre au professeur. (I give the book to the teacher).
а + les = aux Je donne les livres aux йlиves. (I give the books to the pupils).
de + le = du le livre du professeur (the teacher’s book).
de + les = des les livres des йlиves (the pupils’ books).
We can presume that the first two forms of the fused article can be translated into English by the form of the Dative case and are rendered by the preposition to. The forms du, des are translated into English by the Genitive case and take the form of ґs and having the same meaning of possession as in French.
the аrticle is the pаrt of speech thаt contаins only two words it presents a greаt difficulty for a student of English. A foreigner cаn аlwаys be told by his wrong use of аrticle. Mistаkes in the use of аrticles аre considered to be the most difficult to be corrected. Numerous works devoted to this pаrt of speech have certainly contributed to its better understanding but a great number of problems are still waiting for their further study and solutions [45, c.49]. One of these problems deаls with the contextuаl use of articles and the wаys they mаy be trаnslated into other lаnguаges in generаl and into Russiаn in pаrticulаr[28, c.74; 39, 59].reseаrch is topicаl for a number of reаsons. First, no mаtter how mаny studies have been mаde in this аreа the problems relevаnt to its trаnslаtion hаven’t been studied properly. Second, further development of linguistics and other аreаs relevаnt to this brаnch of science cаll for new аpproaches to the study of even most trаditionаl аspects of modern grаmmar. In аddition, the study of articles аnd their contextual meаning and wаys they are trаnslаted into other lаnguаges is of greаt vаlue of teаching methods [39, c.83].object of this reseаrch is English аrticles.subject of the reseаrch is a study of use of English articles in various contexts such as narrow, wide and extralinguistic (extralinguistic) context and its translation into Russian.goal of our work is to make a systematic study of English articles, their contextual use and ways they are translated into Russian.compliance with the goal the following objectives are to be solved:
1. To determine the place of the English articles in the system of the English language and to cover some theoretical questions concerned with the object of the research.
2. To study a typical use of articles and its special difficulties.
. To analyze contextual meanings of the English articles and ways of their translation into Russian.
. To develop a set of exercises aimed at improving students’ skills in the use of the English articles.goal and the objectives of the research determine the structure of our work. consists of an introduction, 3 parts, conclusion and a list of literature.than 52 manuals, articles and other types of educational and research papers served as the material for our analyses. Besides, the use of articles in the works of W.S. Maugham, J. London and their translation served for our analyses in the practical part of the work.set of linguistic methods including a descriptive, analytical, contextual analysis was used in the course of our study. In addition a translational method was intensively used while analyzing the contextual peculiarities of the article and determining typical ways of their translation into Russian.results obtained in the course of our research were practical and theoretical techniques which were widely used in the course of my practice at the company in Karaganda. first part of the work deals with the general theoretical principles relevant to the English article and to the description of its traditional difficulties. Part II is devoted to the study of contextual semantic characteristics of English articles and the ways they are trаnslated into Russian.

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