Air Pollution



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air pollution
8-mavzu. INVEST, усим.физиол.биология, V bob, Sevara(1), Sevara(1), Sevara(1), Sevara(1), Sevara(1), Sevara(1), Etymology, МАЖМУА O'zbekistoning eng yangi tarixi 2020 2021 2, МАЖМУА O'zbekistoning eng yangi tarixi 2020 2021 2, МАЖМУА O'zbekistoning eng yangi tarixi 2020 2021 2, МАЖМУА O'zbekistoning eng yangi tarixi 2020 2021 2

Major Air Pollutants

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) CO Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
  • Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs)
  • Ozone (O3 )
  • Nitrogen Oxide (NOx)

Explanation-major pollutants

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas. After being inhaled, CO molecules can enter the bloodstream, where they inhibit the delivery of oxygen throughout the body. Low concentrations can cause dizziness, headaches, and fatigue; high concentrations can be fatal.
  • CO is produced by the incomplete burning of carbon-based fuels, including gasoline, oil, and wood. It is also produced from incomplete combustion of natural and synthetic products, such as cigarette smoke. It can build up in high concentrations in enclosed areas such as garages, poorly ventilated tunnels, and even along roadsides in heavy traffic.
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is the principal greenhouse gas emitted as a result of human activity (e.g., burning of coal, oil, and natural gas). CO2 can cause burns, frostbite, and blindness if an area is exposed to it in solid or liquid form. If inhaled, it can be toxic in high concentrations, causing an increase in the breathing rate, unconsciousness, and death.
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are chemicals used in great quantities in industry, for refrigeration and air conditioning, and in consumer products. CFCs, when released into the air, rise into the stratosphere (a layer of atmosphere high above the Earth). In the stratosphere, CFCs take part in chemical reactions that result in reduction of the stratospheric ozone layer, which protects the Earth's surface from the sun. Reducing the release of CFC emissions and eliminating the production and use of ozone-destroying chemicals is very important to the Earth's stratosphere.
  • Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) are chemicals that cause serious health and environmental effects. Health effects include cancer, birth defects, nervous system problems, and death due to massive accidental releases, such as the disaster that occurred at a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India.
  • Hazardous air pollutants are released by sources such as chemical plants, dry cleaners, printing plants, and motor vehicles including cars, trucks, buses, planes.

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