Azərbaycanda Vətəndaş Cəmiyyətinin İnkişafına Yardım Assosiasiyası


KHOJALY GENOCIDE IS A CRIME AGAINST THE MANKIND



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savagery were, unfortunately, ignored by the So viet authorities and world 
community. Inspired by such a reaction, the Armenians carried out geno-
cide and unprecedented crimes against the Azerbaijanis. Twenty percent of 
Azerbaijan`s territories, including seven provinces around the Mountain-
ous Garabagh - Kalbajar, Lachin, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrail, Gubadli, and 
Zangilan were occupied by the Armenian armed forces. Over one million 
Azer baijanis were driven out of their homeland, while tens of thousands 
people were murdered, injured and taken hostages. Hundreds of settle-
ments, cul tural, educational and health facilities, historical and cultural 
monuments, mosques, sacred places, cemeteries were razed to the ground 
as a result of the Armenian vandalism. 
The massacres committed by the Armenian ban dits in the Azerbaija-
ni-settled Karkijahan, Meshali, Gushchular, Garadagly, Agdaban and other 
villag es, as well as the Khojaly genocide will remain as a black spot in the 
history of the Armenians. 
The Khojaly tragedy is one of the most horrible crimes carried out against 
the Azerbaijani people by the authors of the chauvinist policy aimed at the 
establishment of a mono-ethnic Greater Armenia in the 20th century. Ig-
nored and unharnessed by the world community and international organ-
izations, Armenia that has been annexing the Azerbaijani territories since 
1905, perpetrated terrible crimes and atrocity wit nessed by mankind at the 
end of the 20th century. 
On February 26, 1992, the Armenian armed units supported by the ar-
mored vehicles and military of the Khankendi-based 366th Motor-Rifle 
Regiment of the former Soviet Union razed the ancient town of Khojaly to 
the ground. 
Khojaly was first terribly shelled and destroyed by cannons and other 
military equipment. Fire broke out in the town. Later the infantry entered 
Khojaly from several directions and committed bru tal reprisals against the 
survived population. 
Within a short time the Armenian armed forces brutally massacred 613 
civilians and injured 421 people. 
Those, who escaped the siege, were cruelly killed by the Armenian mili-
tary on roads and in the for ests. The Armenian bandits scalped the heads, 
cut out different organs of the people, gouged out the eyes of babies, bay-
oneted pregnant women, buried or burnt people alive, undermined the 
corpses. 
That night 1275 went missing and taken hostages, the town with the 

333
population of 10,000 was ravaged, its buildings were destroyed and burnt 
down. The fate of 150 people, including 68 women and 26 children is still 
unknown. As a result of the trag edy, more than 1,000 civilians were wound-
ed and injured. Among the murdered there were 106 wom en, 63 children, 
70 old people, 487 persons became disabled, including 76 teenagers. 
As a result of this military-political crime, eight families completely were 
annihilated, 130 children lost one of the parents, while 25 children lost 
both parents. Among the victims 56 persons were burnt alive. 
As it was said by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev 
on the occasion of the anniversary of the Khojaly genocide, “hundreds of 
civilians were murdered and the corpses were in sulted with unprecedent-
ed tortures without any military necessity. Children, women, elderly, entire 
families were massacred. It was one of the gravest crimes against humanity 
due to its atrocity and cru elty of those, who committed it. ”
It is hard to imagine that such an unprecedented savagery took place at 
the end of the 20th century and was witnessed by the world community! 
This act of mass and ruthless destruction was part of the policy of ter-
ror against the independence and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and a 
crime against the humanity as a whole. By committing genocide in Kho-
jaly, the Armenian nationalists wanted to frighten our people and break 
the spirit of struggle. 
The UN General Assembly Resolution 96 dated 11 December 1946 un-
derlines that genocide com mitted by ignoring the right to life of human 
groups insults human dignity and deprives mankind of moral and mate-
rial strongholds. Such infamous acts are completely opposite to the goals 
and objectives of the UN. Resolution 260 adopted on 9 December 1948 
by the UN General Assembly and enacted in 1961, the Convention on the 
Prevention and Pun ishment of the Crime of Genocide defines the legal ba-
sis for the crime of genocide. All participating countries have confirmed 
genocide as a crime vio lating the norms of international law and agreed to 
take measures to prevent and punish the actions of genocide in war and in 
peacetime. The nature and scale of the terrible crime com mitted in Khojaly 
indicate that all the actions of the crime of genocide defined in the Con-
vention were applied. Planned in advance, the act of mass and ruthless de-
struction was aimed at annihila tion of the entire Azerbaijanis living there. 
Violations of wartime norms defined by interna tional law had no lim-
its in this case. In accordance with the requirements of international 
humanitar ian law, the war must be carried out only by the armed forces 

334
of the belligerent sides. Civilians must not take part in hostilities and be 
treated with re spect. According to Article 3 of the Geneva Conven tion rel-
ative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in the Time of War, commonly 
referred to as the Fourth Geneva Convention, violence to life and per son, 
in particular, murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture
outrages upon person al dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading 
treatment are prohibited. Article 33 states that no civilian may be punished 
for an offense he or she has not personally committed. Collective penalties 
and likewise measures of intimidation or of terror ism and reprisals against 
civilian population are prohibited. Article 34 also forbids taking civilian 
hostages. However, by taking over one thousand civilian hostages only in 
Khojaly, the Armenians demonstrated their disrespect to this principle. The 
Armenian armed forces ignored the norms of in ternational law and used 
cruel methods for the de struction of civilians in Khojaly. It was a crime of 
genocide in accordance with the Convention on the Prevention and Pun-
ishment of the Crime of Geno cide (9 December 1948). 
Those who committed unimaginable brutality against the Azerbaijani 
civilians in Khojaly and vio lated the Geneva Convention, Articles 2, 3, 5, 9 
and 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on 
the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict, 
the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Geno-
cide are still unpunished. Such impunity can lead to new crimes. 
 Armenia does not refrain from atrocities. On the contrary, the genocide 
committed against the Azerbaijanis is justified, while the perpetrators of 
this tragedy are considered national heroes. The an ti-Azerbaijani policy is 
carried out and state-level ideological foundations for the occupation of 
the Azerbaijani lands are created in Armenia. The fal sified Armenian history 
is encouraged by the au thorities in order to raise chauvinistic spirit of the 
Armenian youth. 
It is very strange that the parliaments of some countries, which ignored 
the Khojaly genocide, have discussed the myth about “the Armenian gen-
ocide” and even adopted unjust decisions on it. It is one of the reasons of 
failure of the efforts on the settlement of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict 
over the Mountainous Garabagh. 
The Armenian historians and politicians try to bury the fact of mass 
massacre of Azerbaijanis at the beginning of the 20th century and to con-
fuse the world community by blowing up and promoting the 1915 events 
as the Armenian genocide. 

335
The Azerbaijani territories are still under occu pation. The Armenian sav-
ages have mercilessly killed innocent people to achieve their own greedy 
purposes. 
It is the duty of every Azerbaijani to achieve the recognition by the in-
ternational community of the Khojaly tragedy as a crime and genocide 
against humanity. 
The national leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev said in connection with 
the tragedy: “The Khojaly genocide is one of the greatest human tragedies 
of the 20th century. In order to prevent such a massa cre in other regions 
of the world, a serious and pur poseful job should be done and the truth 
about the Khojaly genocide should be delivered to the world community. ” 
We should note that the Khojaly genocide along  with other nation-
al tragedies was politically and legally recognized after the return of the 
nation al leader Heydar Aliyev to power by the insistent demand of the peo-
ple. At the initiative of Heydar Aliyev, the Azerbaijani parliament adopted 
on Feb ruary 24, 1994 the decision on the Day of the Kho jaly genocide, a 
document with details about the reasons and perpetrators of the tragedy. 
In this context, it is worth mentioning that a key role in publicizing the 
Khojaly genocide belongs to Heydar Aliyev Founda tion and its president, 
Mehriban Aliyeva, MP, UNESCO and ISESCO Goodwill Ambassador. The 
Foundation has been or ganizing events dedicated to the Khojaly genocide 
in 70 countries. The events include conferences, commemorative events, 
books, booklets, DVDs, and films. 
Within the “Khojaly genocide: million signatures – one demand” cam-
paign (2006-2007) one million Azerbaijanis requested the world community 
officially recognize Khojaly genocide. As a result of the campaign organized 
by the Association for Civil Society Development in Azerbaijan (ACSDA) the 
petition of a million Azerbaijani citizens was sent to libraries and archives 
of many countries, as well as different international organizations. 
At the initiative of Leyla Aliyeva, Vice-president of Heydar Aliyev Foun-
dation and General Coordinator of Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Di-
alogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC), an international campaign titled “Jus-
tice for Khojaly” was launched in 2008. 
Hundreds of events have been organized within the campaign across 
the world. Conferences and rallies take place in almost all EU countries, 
CIS, Asian, South and North American nations. Thanks to the campaign, 
a number of international forums has recognized the Khojaly tragedy. At 
the initiative of the Foundation and Youth Forum, the OIC recognized the 

336
Khojaly tragedy as a crime against humanity. Flash mobs are organized at 
leading universities of the world. Moreover, the new phase of the campaign 
has started, which includes addressing petitions and appeals to the heads 
of states and governments, OSCE Minsk Group, PACE, UN General Secretar-
iat, for eign parliaments and international institutions for the recognition 
of the Khojaly tragedy as an act of genocide and crime against humanity. 
The international campaign “Justice for Khojaly” aimed at informing 
the world community on the realities of the Khojaly tragedy and achieving 
international recognition of the tragedy is success fully carried out by hun-
dreds of volunteers in many countries. 
The Azerbaijani government pursues a purpose ful and consistent policy 
on informing the world community on the crimes of the Armenian national-
ists against the Azerbaijanis and achieving the rec ognition of the Khojaly 
tragedy as genocide. 
The international community already under stands the truth very well. 
The special resolution on the Khojaly genocide adopted by the Organiza-
tion of Islamic Cooperation is the first document of international organi-
zations to recognize the Khojaly tragedy as a crime against the humanity. 
The resolution adopted by 51 countries evaluated the Khojaly genocide as 
“a massacre of civilian population by the Armenian armed forces” and “a 
crime against the humanity”. 
The parliaments of Bosnia and Herze govina, Colombia, Czech Repub-
lic, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Romania, Sudan, 
Latvia, Guatemala and Jibuti have already recognized the Khojaly tragedy 
as genocide and crime against Azerbaijan. So have several states of the 
United States. 
A rally of 85 thousand people took place in Baku on February 26, 2012, in 
commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Khojaly genocide. The rally, 
which President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev participated in 
too, commemorated the victims of the Khojaly genocide and sent mes-
sages to world community on this brutal crime committed by Armenian 
nationalists. 
The order of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev “On 
the 25th anniversary of the Khojaly genocide” reads: “Having expanded the 
scale of military aggression against Azerbaijan by carrying out the Khojaly 
massacre and occupied Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Gubadli 
and Zangilan by going beyond Mountainous Garabagh, Armenia conduct-
ed a policy of ethnic cleansing, as a result of which 20,000 Azerbaijanis lost 

337
lives, over 50,000 people were wounded and became invalid, 20 percent of 
our territories was occupied. ”
Unlike the Armenian nationalists, Azerbaijan does not pursue any po-
litical, financial and oth er kind of dividends in this issue. Our goal is to 
achieve the historical justice, to expose the criminals and to put them to in-
ternational trial. Therefore, the world community must be informed about 
the global threat of ethnic separatism, hatred against other nations and 
terrorist ideology pursued by the Armenian nationalists. This is our duty to 
the mem ory of the heroic martyrs of Khojaly. 
Materials of the book “Khojaly-1992” published by Heydar Aliyev Heritage Research Center 
in 2014 were used in this reference. 

338
ABŞ – Amerika Birləşmiş Ştatları
AK(b)P – Azərbaycan Kommunist (bolşe-
viklər) Partiyası
ASE – Azərbaycan Sovet Ensiklopediyası
Azərbaycan SSR – Azərbaycan Sovet So-
sialist Respublikası
Azərbaycan MEA (AMEA) – Azərbaycan 
Milli Elmlər Akademiyası
c. – cənub
DQMV – Dağlıq Qarabağ Muxtar Vilayəti
e. ə. – eramızdan əvvəl
Ermənistan SSR – Ermənistan Sovet So-
sialist Respublikası
hün. – hündürlük (yü)
k. -d kənd 
km – kilometr
q. – qərb
qəs. -ə - qəsəbə
m - metr
MİK – Mərkəzi İcraiyyə Komitəsi
RK(b)P – Rusiya Kommunist (bolşeviklər) 
Partiyası
r-n - rayon
s. – səhifə
SSRİ – Sovet Sosialist Respublikaları İtti-
faqı
ş. - şərq
şm. – şimal
təv. – təvəllüd
Yaradıcı heyət aşağıdakı təşkilatlara öz minnətdarlığını bildirir:
Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin mətbuat xidmətinə
Azərbaycan Respublikası Qaçqınların və Məcburi Köçkünlərin İşləri üzrə Dövlət 
Komitəsinə
Azərbaycan Respublikasının Hərbi Prokurorluğuna
Əsir və itkin düşmüş, girov götürülmüş vətəndaşlarla əlaqədar Dövlət Komissiyasına
Azərbaycan Respublikası Ekologiya və Təbii Sərvətlər Nazirliyinə
Xocalı rayon İcra Hakimiyyətinə
M. F. Axundov adına Azərbaycan Milli Kitabxanasına
Azərbaycan Fotoqrafları Birliyinə
Çapa imzalanmışdır: 11.02.2017
Formatı: 70x100 (1/16). Həcmi: 21
Sifariş 
№ 
77.
“XOCALI YADDAŞI” KİTABINDA QƏBUL EDİLMİŞ ƏSAS İXTİSARLAR



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