Appendix A. Allometric equations used to estimate tree and palm height (H, m) from measured diameter (dbh, cm) at four sites along the elevational gradient of tropical moist forest



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Appendix A. Allometric equations used to estimate tree and palm height (H, m) from measured diameter (DBH, cm) at four sites along the elevational gradient of tropical moist forest (Atlantic forest, Brazil) (Scaranello et al., unpublished data)

 

Allometric equation*

Forest type

Trees

Palms (Euterpe edulis)

Other palms

Restinga

18.540*(1-exp(-0.0929*DBH0.9195))

-1.825 + 1.382*DBH

-

Lowland

36.171*(1-exp(-0.0594*DBH0.7246))

-1.825 + 1.382*DBH

-5.430 + 1.441*DBH

Submontane

33.120*(1-exp(-0.0572*DBH0.7525))

-0.689 + 1.016*DBH

-6.467 + 1.543*DBH

Montane

27.188*(1-exp(-0.0909*DBH0.7377))

0.774 + 0.832*DBH

-

* The non-linear and linear models were adjusted using the functions “Nonlinear Least Squares” and “Fitting linear models” of the R statistical software package. The performance of height-diameter models were evaluated by the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) (Burnham and Anderson, 2002; Chave et al., 2005)

Appendix B. List of tree species sampled by Sanchez* (2001) and Tabarelli** (1997) at Coastal Atlantic forest sites in Sao Paulo state, SE Brazil. Wood density values (ρ) in g cm-3 (oven dry mass/fresh volume) compiled from Chave et al. (2006); Mainieri and Chimelo (1989), and Carvalho (1994)

Family

Genus

Taxon

Wood density (g cm-3)

Level

Anacardiaceae

Tapirira

Tapirira guianensis

0.45

species

Annonaceae

Anaxagorea

Anaxagorea dolichocarpa

0.58

species

Annonaceae

Annona

Annona cacans

0.55

species

Annonaceae

Duguetia

Duguetia sp

0.75

genus

Annonaceae

Guatteria

Guatteria australis

0.58

genus

Annonaceae

Guatteria

Guatteria gomeziana

0.58

genus

Annonaceae

Guatteria

Guatteria nigrescens

0.59

species

Annonaceae

Rollinia

Rollinia mucosa

0.32

species

Annonaceae

Rollinia

Rollinia sericea

0.47

species

Apocynaceae

Malouetia

Malouetia arborea

0.53

genus

Apocynaceae

Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana laeta

0.49

genus

Apocynaceae

Tabernaemontana

Tabernaemontana sp

0.49

genus

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex cf. theezans

0.54

genus

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex dumosa

0.54

genus

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex integerrima

0.54

genus

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex microdonta

0.54

genus

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex paraguariensis

0.60

species

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex

Ilex theezans

0.54

genus

Araliaceae

Dendropanax

Dendropanax cuneatum

0.42

genus

Araliaceae

Didymopanax

Didymopanax angustissimum

NA

NA

Araliaceae

Didymopanax

Didymopanax calvus

0.52

species

Araliaceae

Oreopanax

Oreopanax capitatum

0.52

genus

Arecaceae

Astrocaryum

Astrocaryum aculeatissimum

0.51

genus

Arecaceae

Attalea

Attalea dubia

0.33

genus

Arecaceae

Bactris

Bactris setosa

NA

NA

Arecaceae

Euterpe

Euterpe edulis

0.39

genus

Arecaceae

Geonoma

Geonoma schottiana

NA

NA

Arecaceae

Syagrus

Syagrus pseudococos

NA

NA

Asteraceae

Baccharis

Baccharis dracunculifolia

0.56

genus

Asteraceae

Baccharis

Baccharis melastomatoides

0.56

genus

Asteraceae

Baccharis

Baccharis oxydonta

0.56

genus

Asteraceae

Gochnatia

Gochnatia paniculata

0.76

genus

Asteraceae

Piptocarpha

Piptocarpha oblonga

0.65

genus

Asteraceae

Vernonia

Vernonia discolor

0.35

genus

Asteraceae

Vernonia

Vernonia puberula

0.35

genus

Bignoniaceae

Jacaranda

Jacaranda puberula

0.58

species

Bignoniaceae

Tabebuia

Tabebuia impetiginosa

0.92

species

Boraginaceae

Cordia

Cordia sellowiana

0.49

genus

Boraginaceae

Cordia

Cordia silvestris

0.49

genus

Boraginaceae

Cordia

Cordia taguahyensis

0.49

genus

Boraginaceae

Cordia

Cordia trychoclada

0.49

genus

Boraginaceae

Cordia

Cordia trichotoma

0.55

species

Cardiopteridaceae

Citronella

Citronella megaphylla

0.60

genus

Cardiopteridaceae

Citronella

Citronella paniculata

0.60

genus

Celastraceae

Maytenus

Maytenus alaternoides

0.75

species

Celastraceae

Maytenus

Maytenus ilicifolia

0.73

species

Celastraceae

Maytenus

Maytenus litoralis

0.71

genus

Celastraceae

Maytenus

Maytenus robusta

0.77

species

Chloranthaceae

Hedyosmum

Hedyosmum brasiliensis

0.45

genus

Chrysobalanaceae

Couepia

Couepia venosa

0.80

genus

Chrysobalanaceae

Hirtella

Hirtella hebeclada

0.72

species

Chrysobalanaceae

Licania

Licania hoehnei

0.83

genus

Clethraceae

Clethra

Clethra scabra

0.49

species

Clusiaceae

Calophyllum

Calophyllum brasiliense

0.57

species

Clusiaceae

Clusia

Clusia criuva

0.68

genus

Clusiaceae

Garcinia

Garcinia gardneriana

0.72

genus

Clusiaceae

Kielmeyera

Kielmeyera petiolares

0.59

genus

Combretaceae

Buchenavia

Buchenavia kleinii

0.75

genus

Combretaceae

Terminalia

Terminalia januarensis

0.79

species

Combretaceae

Terminalia

Terminalia phaeocarpa

0.58

genus

Cunnoniaceae

Lamanonia

Lamanonia ternata

0.62

species

Cyatheaceae

Alsophila

Alsophila sternbergii

NA

NA

Cyatheaceae

Cyathea

Cyathea dichromatolepsis

NA

NA

Cyatheaceae

Cyathea

Cyathea leucofolis

NA

NA

Cyatheaceae

Cyathea

Cyathea phalerata

NA

NA

Cyatheaceae

Trichipteris

Trichipteris corcovadensis

NA

NA

Dichapetalaceae

Stephanopodium

Stephanopodium cf organensis

NA

NA

Dichapetalaceae

Stephanopodium

Stephanopodium estrellense

NA

NA

Elaeocarpaceae

Sloanea

Sloanea guianensis

0.82

species

Elaeocarpaceae

Sloanea

Sloanea monosperma

0.88

species

Euphorbiaceae

Alchornea

Alchornea glandulosa

0.38

species

Euphorbiaceae

Alchornea

Alchornea sidifolia

0.39

genus

Euphorbiaceae

Alchornea

Alchornea triplinervia

0.47

species

Euphorbiaceae

Aparisthmium

Aparisthmium cordatum

0.39

species

Euphorbiaceae

Croton

Croton salutaris

0.51

genus

Euphorbiaceae

Croton

Croton urucurana

0.53

species

Euphorbiaceae

Mabea

Mabea brasiliensis

0.65

genus

Euphorbiaceae

Margaritaria

Margaritaria nobilis

0.69

species

Euphorbiaceae

Pausandra

Pausandra morisiana

0.59

genus

Euphorbiaceae

Pera

Pera glabrata

0.67

species

Euphorbiaceae

Sapium

Sapium glandulatum

0.41




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